A Step-by-Step Guide to Laravel Events and Listeners with Examples

ArjunAmrutiya
3 min readJul 25, 2023

Introduction:
Laravel, a popular PHP framework, offers a robust event system that allows developers to implement a clean and efficient way to manage application events and their corresponding actions. Events and listeners in Laravel facilitate the decoupling of components, making your codebase more maintainable and scalable. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of using Laravel Events and Listeners with practical examples.

Step 1: Setting Up a Laravel Project Assuming you already have Laravel installed on your system, create a new Laravel project using Composer by running the following command in your terminal:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laravel-event-example

Step 2: Create an Event Laravel provides a simple command to generate events. Run the following command in your terminal:

php artisan make:event OrderPlaced

This will generate an event class named OrderPlaced in the app/Events directory. Open this file to see the structure of the event.

Step 3: Define Event Properties and Constructor Within the OrderPlaced event class, you can define any properties that you want to pass to the listener. For instance, if you want to pass the order details, you can define a public property like this:

public $order;

public function __construct(Order $order)
{
$this->order = $order;
}

Step 4: Create a Listener Next, let’s generate a listener for our event. Run the following command:

php artisan make:listener SendOrderConfirmation --event=OrderPlaced

This command will create a listener class named SendOrderConfirmation in the app/Listeners directory. Open this file to see the structure of the listener.

Step 5: Implement the Listener Logic Within the SendOrderConfirmation listener class, you can implement the logic that should be executed when the OrderPlaced event is fired. For example, let's send an email confirmation to the customer:

use App\Mail\OrderConfirmation;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Mail;

public function handle(OrderPlaced $event)
{
$order = $event->order;
Mail::to($order->customer_email)->send(new OrderConfirmation($order));
}

Step 6: Register the Listener To make sure your listener is executed when the event is fired, you need to register it in the EventServiceProvider. Open the EventServiceProvider located in app/Providers and add the following to the listen array:

protected $listen = [
OrderPlaced::class => [
SendOrderConfirmation::class,
],
];

Step 7: Trigger the Event Now that we have set up our event and listener, it’s time to trigger the event. You can do this from any part of your application where an order is placed. For demonstration purposes, let’s assume it happens in a controller method:

use App\Events\OrderPlaced;
use App\Models\Order;

public function placeOrder()
{
// Logic to create an order
$order = new Order(/* order details here */);
$order->save();

// Trigger the event
event(new OrderPlaced($order));

return "Order placed successfully!";
}

Step 8: Run Your Laravel Application Finally, run your Laravel application using the following command:

php artisan serve

Visit your application in the browser, navigate to the endpoint that triggers the placeOrder() method, and you should see the email confirmation being sent to the customer.

Conclusion:
By following this step-by-step guide, you have learned how to implement Laravel Events and Listeners in your application. Leveraging the power of events will help you keep your code modular, maintainable, and easier to extend in the future. Laravel’s event system provides a seamless way to manage interactions between different components of your application, making it an essential tool for modern web development. Happy coding!

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ArjunAmrutiya

👋 Hey there! I'm Arjun Amrutiya, a passionate web developer and blogger who loves all things PHP, Laravel and Vue.js. Welcome to my Medium account!