Demystifying Laravel: Understanding the Power of Static and Non-Static Functions

3 min readDec 4, 2023

Laravel, a popular PHP framework, empowers developers with a robust set of tools to build scalable and efficient web applications. Two key concepts that often play a significant role in Laravel development are static and non-static functions. In this blog, we’ll delve into the nuances of these functions, understand their differences, and provide practical examples to solidify your understanding.

Understanding Static Functions:

Static functions in Laravel can be called on a class without creating an instance of it. They are associated with the class itself rather than an instance of the class. This makes them useful for utility functions or operations that don’t require an object’s state.

class MathUtility {
public static function add($a, $b) {
return $a + $b;

// Calling a static function
$result = MathUtility::add(5, 3);

In this example, the add function is static, allowing you to call it directly on the MathUtility class without creating an instance. This can lead to cleaner and more concise code in certain scenarios.

Exploring Non-Static Functions:

Non-static functions, on the other hand, require an instance of the class to be created before they can be called. They are often used when the operation depends on the object’s state.

class ShoppingCart {
private $items = [];

public function addItem($item) {
$this->items[] = $item;
public function getTotalItems() {
return count($this->items);

// Creating an instance of the class
$cart = new ShoppingCart();

// Calling a non-static function
$cart->addItem('Product A');
$totalItems = $cart->getTotalItems();

In this example, addItem and getTotalItems are non-static functions. To use them, we first create an instance of the ShoppingCart class and then call the functions on that instance.

When to Use Static vs. Non-Static:

Choosing between static and non-static functions depends on the nature of the task at hand.

Use static functions for operations that don’t rely on an object’s state and can be performed at the class level.

Non-static functions are suitable when the operation requires access to the object’s properties or when it’s essential to maintain state across multiple method calls.


Laravel’s static and non-static functions are powerful tools that provide flexibility and organization in your code. By understanding when to use each, you can write cleaner and more efficient Laravel applications. Experiment with these concepts in your projects to solidify your understanding and elevate your Laravel development skills.

Remember, the key is to leverage static functions for stateless operations and non-static functions for tasks that involve the object’s state. Happy coding!

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👋 Hey there! I'm Arjun Amrutiya, a passionate web developer and blogger who loves all things PHP, Laravel and Vue.js. Welcome to my Medium account!